Monthly Archives: October 2018

Halloween [Poem]

The darkest shades of autumn’s breath

Embrace themselves in dance tonight.

A silent whisper from the wolves,

Explaining what is wrong and right.

I might begin to understand

The shallow silhouettes which are

Writing blood letters on parchments

And hanging them out on the wall.

In distance, ghouls and skeletons

With old and dusty robes and knives

Are drinking pumpkin ale, – Rejoice!

Because the night is up, – No light…

In costumes, people cross the street,

With tricks and treats and dirty feet.

With fears and hopes and evil laughter,

The night has brought them all together.

And in the corner of the eye,

Another shadow stays to watch

With bloody blades and no remorse…

Its wicked intentions start to hatch.

It’s Halloween, the dawn of life!

A colorful, mixed-up spectacle,

With grapes, with leaves, an orange sky…

Enjoy the song of pumpkin pie.



List Of Video Games

Over the last couple of weeks – I’ve been working on setting up a list of all the video-games that I recall playing over the years. Been researching lists from various sites, my blogs and from what I’ve been remembering playing. These are games played on PC, some using an emulator for PS4, PSP or DOS and also games I’ve played on NES and SEGA consoles. Not all of them I managed to complete and some of them I played multiple times. There will also be a second list of Android games which I’ve played. There are 387 titles I managed to put into this list. There are probably a few more titles which I cannot remember, but I will update this list with each and every game I will play from now on.

Gamepad is lying on a keyboard

    1. OXO
    2. Tennis For Two
    3. Marienband
    4. Spacewars!
    5. Pong
    6. Space Invaders
    7. Arkanoid
    8. Mario Bros.
    9. Super Mario Bros.
    10. Pac-Man
    11. Tetris
    12. Tetris 2000
    13. Popeye
    14. Contra
    15. Double Dragon 2
    16. Rambo
    17. Pole Position
    18. Sokoban
    19. Bomberman
    20. Duck Hunt
    21. Hercules
    22. Tarzan 3D
    23. Hugo 3D
    24. Pinball
    25. Wild Gunman
    26. Final Fantasy
    27. Alladin
    28. Lion King
    29. Dangerous Dave
    30. Robocop
    31. Tom & Jerry
    32. Minesweeper
    33. Ricochet
    34. Swarm
    35. Dr. Mario
    36. Kabuki: Quantum Fighter
    37. The Secret of Monkey Island
    38. Grim Fandango
    39. The Longest Journey
    40. Dreamfall: The Longest Journey
    41. Syberia
    42. Snake 3D
    43. Snake Classic
    44. Dangerous Dave in the Haunted Mansion
    45. Prehistorik
    46. Prehistorik 2
    47. Sonic
    48. Wacky Races
    49. Caesar
    50. Mortal Kombat
    51. Mortal Kombat 4
    52. Mortal Kombat 9
    53. Street Fighter
    54. Wolfenstein 3D
    55. Alien vs Predator 2
    56. America
    57. Bejeweled
    58. Jewel Quest
    59. Zuma Deluxe
    60. Black & White
    61. Clive Barker’s Undying
    62. Cossacks: European Wars
    63. Cossacks: Napoleonic Wars
    64. Ford Racing
    65. Freedom Fighters
    66. Gothic 2
    67. The Italian Job
    68. Max Payne
    69. Oni
    70. Rune
    71. Silent Hill
    72. Silent Hill 2
    73. Stronghold Crusader
    74. 18 Wheels of Steel
    75. Blood Rayne
    76. Burnout Paradise
    77. Dragon Ball Z: Budokai
    78. Earth Special Forces
    79. Empire Earth
    80. Empire Earth 2
    81. Enclave
    82. GTA Vice City
    83. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
    84. Serious Sam
    85. Summoner
    86. Yu-Gi-Oh TCG
    87. Alter Ego
    88. Call of Duty
    89. Call of Duty 2
    90. Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare
    91. Delta Force: Land Warrior
    92. Delta Force: Black Hawk Down
    93. Guilty Gear XX: Midnight Carnival
    94. Guilty Gear: Isuka
    95. Lionhearth: Legacy of the Crusader
    96. Live for Speed
    97. Manhunt
    98. Neighbor from Hell
    99. Neighbor from Hell 2
    100. Moorhuhn
    101. Praetorians
    102. Resident Evil 4
    103. Prince of Persia: Sands of Time
    104. Tron 2.0
    105. Doom 3
    106. Half Life
    107. Half Life: Blue Shift
    108. Half Life: Opposing Force
    109. Half Life 2
    110. Half Life 2: Episode One
    111. Half Life 2: Episode Two
    112. I of the Dragon
    113. Mowgli
    114. Pacific Warriors
    115. The Suffering
    116. Cold Fear
    117. Dead Space
    118. F.E.A.R.
    119. F.E.A.R. – Extraction Point
    120. F.E.A.R. – Perseus Mandate
    121. F.E.A.R. 2
    122. F.E.A.R. 3
    123. Killing Floor
    124. La-Mulana
    125. Luxor
    126. Far Cry
    127. Feeding Frenzy
    128. Heroes of Might and Magic IV
    129. Heroes of Might and Magic V
    130. You Are Empty
    131. Call Of Cthulhu
    132. Prey
    133. Prey (2017)
    134. Angry Birds
    135. Cryostasis
    136. Left 4 Dead
    137. Left 4 Dead 2
    138. Machinarium
    139. Plants vs Zombies
    140. Queen’s Blade: Spiral Chaos
    141. Saw
    142. Torchlight
    143. Trine
    144. Ori and the Blind Forest
    145. X-Men Origins: Wolverine
    146. Day of the Dead
    147. Amnesia: The Dark Descent
    148. Amnesia: A Machine For Pigs
    149. Bioshock
    150. Bioshock 2
    151. Bioshock Infinite
    152. Blur
    153. Metro 2033
    154. Prison Break
    155. The Cat Lady
    156. Goat Simulator
    157. Telltale Games’ Game Of Thrones
    158. The Great Escape
    159. Qube
    160. Blade and Soul
    161. Borderlands
    162. The Darkness 2
    163. Dear Esther
    164. Dishonored
    165. Doom
    166. Doom 3
    167. Doom 3: BFG Edition
    168. Lucius
    169. Grand Prix 2
    170. House Of The Dead
    171. Elder Scrolls: Arena
    172. Ghost in the Sheets
    173. Barrow Hill
    174. Hoyle’s Board Games
    175. Jazzjack Rabbit
    176. Jazzjack Rabbit 2
    177. NASCAR Racing
    178. Need For Speed 2
    179. Need For Speed Porsche
    180. Need For Speed Underground 2
    181. System Shock 2
    182. Virtua Cop 2
    183. Warcraft: Orcs And Humans
    184. Warcraft 2
    185. Warcraft 3: Reign of Chaos
    186. Warcraft 3: The Frozen Throne
    187. Hearthstone
    188. Speedy Blupi
    189. Judge Dredd: Dredd vs Death
    190. Tekken
    191. Final Armada
    192. Abuse
    193. Bugs Bunny and Taz
    194. Captain Klaw
    195. Corpse Party
    196. Dracula Resurrection
    197. Dracula 3
    198. Darkstone
    199. Diablo
    200. Diablo 2
    201. Starcraft
    202. Duke Nukem 3D
    203. Pandemonium!
    204. Pokemon Red
    205. Pokemon Blue
    206. Pokemon Green
    207. Pokemon Yellow
    208. Pokemon FireRed
    209. Quake
    210. Quake 2
    211. Quake 3: Arena
    212. Quake 4
    213. Re-Volt
    214. Super Mario World
    215. Age of Empires
    216. Age of Empires 2
    217. Santa Claus in Trouble
    218. Blood 2
    219. Carmaggedon 2: Carpocalypse Now
    220. Postal 2
    221. Tomb Raider 2
    222. Turok: Dinosaur Hunter
    223. Baldur’s Gate
    224. Carnivores
    225. Carnivores 2
    226. Carnivores: Ice Age
    227. Delta Force
    228. BlazBlue: Continuum Shift
    229. Portal
    230. Portal 2
    231. Unreal Gold
    232. Unreal Tournament GOTY
    233. Unreal Tournament 2004
    234. Unreal Tournament 3
    235. King of Fighters ’95
    236. South Park
    237. Delta Ops
    238. The Settlers II
    239. MUGEN
    240. Pharaoh
    241. The Typing of the Dead
    242. Blair Witch
    243. Carmageddon TDR 2000
    244. Counter Strike
    245. Dark Reign 2
    246. Deus Ex
    247. Icewind Dale
    248. Messiah
    249. Nox
    250. Project IGI
    251. Alpha Prime
    252. Hellgate: London
    253. Timeshift
    254. Titan Quest
    255. Call of Duty: World At War
    256. Condemned
    257. Dear Esther
    258. Mirror’s Edge
    259. Mirror’s Edge 2: Catalyst
    260. Spore
    261. World Of Goo
    262. Synopsis Quest
    263. Flash Portal
    264. Shift
    265. Platformation
    266. Bitefight
    267. The Bridge
    268. Outlast
    269. Outlast: Whistleblower
    270. Outlast 2
    271. The SIMS
    272. Alien: Isolation
    273. Dread Out
    274. The Evil Within
    275. Astonia
    276. Penumbra Overture
    277. Penumbra: Black Plague
    278. Penumbra: Requiem
    279. Penumbra: Necrologue
    280. Penumbra 2
    281. SOMA
    282. Deathtrap
    283. Zanzarah: The Hidden Portal
    284. Knuckle Soccer
    285. Fifa 95
    286. Darkest Dungeon
    287. Layers of Fear
    288. Layers of Fear: Inheritance
    289. Observer
    290. Tank 2000
    292. Street Fighter IV
    293. VA-11 Hall-A
    294. Home Sweet Home
    295. Perception
    296. Agony
    297. Serena
    298. Penumbra Tech Demo
    299. Black Rose
    300. Which
    301. Sacred
    302. Black Mesa
    303. Imperion
    304. Eternal Fighter Zero
    305. SAS: Zombie Assault
    306. Eyes: The Horror Game
    307. The Council: Episode 1
    308. Rise of Insanity
    309. Wrack Exoverse
    310. Kritika
    311. Devotion
    312. Monster Hunter Freedom
    313. Fragment: Contours of a Dream
    314. Escape Labyrinth
    315. Bitsturbed
    316. Sakura Beach 2
    317. Kraven Manor
    318. Dungeon Adventures: Greenskin Invasion
    319. Crusaders of Light
    320. The Stairs
    321. Hack
    322. Kuchisake Onna
    323. Guilty Gear Xrd – Revelator
    324. Hour In Hell
    325. Enigmatis: The Ghosts of Maple Creek
    326. Mutated Bread
    327. Sinistry Silinium
    328. Inner Chains
    329. The Long Journey Home
    330. Tunnels of Despair
    331. Visage
    332. Adventure Inlay
    333. Puzzle Inlay
    334. Turtle Bay
    335. To The Moon
    336. September 1999
    337. Metin 2
    338. Paranoid Kid and the Shadow
    339. Campus Notes
    340. Pagan-Technopolis
    341. Sagebrush
    342. Homesick
    343. Stray Souls: Dollhouse Story
    344. Woven Shadows
    345. Nicole’s Fears
    346. Cassie-Ann
    347. Project Nightmares
    348. Overhead
    349. Abomination
    350. Hero of the Kingdom
    351. The Messenger
    352. Rot
    353. Greetings
    354. Divinity: Original Sin
    355. Evergarden
    356. Horror of the Deep
    357. Rover
    358. Nekopara: Extra
    359. The Silent House
    360. Earthfall
    361. Dead or School
    362. SCP-087-B Amnesia
    363. SCP-087
    364. SCP- Into The Darkness
    365. SCP
    366. Tanggal
    367. The Asylum
    368. Eldervale
    369. Human
    370. Try To Fall Asleep
    371. Do You Copy
    372. Repeat
    373. Buried Beneath
    374. Secret World Legends
    375. Crystal Saga
    376. League of Angels
    377. C9: Continent of the Ninth Seal
    378. Adventure Quest Worlds
    379. Evie
    380. Forsake World
    381. Ys Chronicles: Ancient Ys Vanished
    382. Pathfinder Adventures TCG
    383. Dungeon Nightmares
    384. Dino Storm
    385. Infliction
    386. Avatar: The Game
    387. Fortnite
    388. Pokemon The Trading Card Game – GB
    389. Lazaretto
    390. State of Decay
    391. The Twisted Mind Demo
    392. Pursuer
    393. The Cellar
    394. Wounded
    395. Call of Cthulhu
    396. Never Again
    397. True Fears: Forsaken Souls
    398. The Stanley Parable
    399. The Witch’s House
    400. Kursks
    401. The Dark Occult
    402. Overkill’s The Walking Dead
    403. The Apartment 2
    404. Resonance of Fate: End of Eternity
    405. Eternity: The Last Unicorn
    406. Duke Dashington Remastered
    407. We Happy Few
    408. Agony
    409. Deca
    410. Lost in Vivo
    411. Matter
    412. Minotaur Arcade
    413. Desolate
    414. The Last of Humans
    415. Mutant Year Zero: Road To Eden
    416. Deus Ex
    417. Tera Online
    418. True Nightmares
    419. The Sinner Prologue 2
    420. Key To Freedom – Amnesia Mod
    421. TNTS – The Stairs
    422. White Night – Amnesia Mod
    423. Horror Rebuilt – Amnesia Mod
    424. Apex Legends
    425. Filthbreed
    426. Hiffelheim
    427. Path of Exile
    428. Kibus
    429. Concrete Crown
    430. Penumbra Indiegame
    431. Shutdown Project
    432. The Night
    433. You Left Me
    434. Booyah: A horror story
    435. New Message
    436. Dim Dim
    437. Blame Him Demo
    438. Flower
    439. Devotion
    440. Resident Evil 1 – PSP Director’s Cut – Dual Shock Version
    441. Brain Lord
    442. Isabelle
    443. Dawn of Man
    444. The Light into the Darkness (DEMO)
    445. What’s behind our eyes
    446. Sekhmet’s Revenge
    447. Lonely Cabin
    448. Fingerteeth
    449. One single dot
    450. Corpse Party – Kenix Soft Version
    451. Synthetik: Legion Rising

Gaming: Relational Theory And Practice [Part 01]

In these series of articles I will discuss video-games from the first early prototypes and ideas to the modern products. I’ve wanted from some time now to review my list of played games – but since I’ve played too many – it is quite impossible to remember them all – so I will try to research video-games by their releasing year – play some of them in that order and writing articles and short reviews.

The term video game has evolved over the decades from a purely technical definition to a general concept defining a new class of interactive entertainment. Technically, for a product to be a video game, there must be a video signal transmitted to a cathode ray tube (CRT) that creates a rasterized image on a screen. This definition would preclude early computer games that outputted results to a printer or teletype rather than a display, any game rendered on a vector-scan monitor, any game played on a modern high definition display, and most handheld game systems. From a technical standpoint, these would more properly be called “electronic games” or “computer games”.

Today, however, the term “video game” has completely shed its purely technical definition and encompasses a wider range of technology. While still rather ill-defined, the term “video game” now generally encompasses any game played on hardware built with electronic logic circuits that incorporates an element of interactivity and outputs the results of the player’s actions to a display. Going by this broader definition, the first video games appeared in the early 1950s and were tied largely to research projects at universities and large corporations.

1947 – Cathode-ray Tube Amusement Device

The cathode-ray tube amusement device is the earliest known interactive electronic game. The device simulates an artillery shell arcing towards targets on a cathode ray tube (CRT) screen, which is controlled by the player by adjusting knobs to change the trajectory of a CRT beam spot on the display in order to reach plastic targets overlaid on the screen. Thomas T. Goldsmith, Jr. and Estle Ray Mann constructed the game from analog electronics and filed for a patent in 1947, which was issued the following year. The gaming device was never manufactured or marketed to the public, so it had no effect on the future video game industry. Under most definitions, the device is not considered a video game, as while it had an electronic display it did not run on a computing device. Therefore, despite its relevance to the early history of video games, it is not generally considered a candidate for the title of the first video game.

1950 – Bertie The Brain

Bertie the Brain was an early computer game, and one of the first games developed in the early history of video games. It was built in Toronto by Josef Kates for the 1950 Canadian National Exhibition. The four meter tall computer allowed exhibition attendees to play a game of tic-tac-toe against an artificial intelligence. The player entered a move on a lit keypad in the form of a three-by-three grid, and the game played out on a grid of lights overhead. The machine had an adjustable difficulty level. After two weeks on display by Rogers Majestic, the machine was disassembled at the end of the exhibition and largely forgotten as a curiosity.

Kates built the game to showcase his additron tube, a miniature version of the vacuum tube, though the transistor overtook it in computer development shortly thereafter. Patent issues prevented the additron tube from being used in computers besides Bertie before it was no longer useful. Bertie the Brain is a candidate for the first video game, as it was potentially the first computer game to have any sort of visual display of the game. It appeared only three years after the 1947 invention of the cathode-ray tube amusement device, the earliest known interactive electronic game to use an electronic display. Bertie’s use of light bulbs rather than a screen with real-time visual graphics, however, much less moving graphics, does not meet some definitions of a video game.

1952 – OXO

OXO or Noughts and Crosses is a video game developed by A S Douglas in 1952 which simulates a game of noughts and crosses. It was one of the first games developed in the early history of video games. Douglas programmed the game as part of a thesis on human-computer interaction at the University of Cambridge.

It was written on the Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator (EDSAC). EDSAC was one of the first stored-program computers, with memory that could be read from or written to, and had three small cathode ray tube screens to display the state of the memory; Douglas re-purposed one screen to demonstrate portraying other information to the user, such as the state of a noughts and crosses game. After the game served its purpose, it was discarded on the original hardware but later successfully reconstructed.

OXO, along with a draughts game by Christopher Strachey completed around the same time, is one of the earliest known games to display visuals on an electronic screen. Under some definitions, it thus may qualify as the first video game, though other definitions exclude it due to its lack of moving or real-time updating graphics.

You can play a modern version of this game right directly into your browser – if you use Mozilla.


1958 – Tennis For Two

Tennis for Two (also known as Computer Tennis) is a sports video game, which simulates a game of tennis, and was one of the first games developed in the early history of video games. American physicist William Higinbotham designed the game in 1958 for display at the Brookhaven National Laboratory’s annual public exhibition after learning that the government research institution’s Donner Model 30 analog computer could simulate trajectories with wind resistance. He designed the game, displayed on an oscilloscope and played with two custom aluminum controllers, in a few hours, after which he and technician Robert V. Dvorak built it over three weeks. The game’s visuals show a representation of a tennis court viewed from the side, and players adjust the angle of their shots with a knob on their controller and try to hit the ball over the net by pressing a button.

The game was very popular during the three-day exhibition, with players lining up to see the game, especially high school students. It was shown again the following year with a larger oscilloscope screen and a more complicated design that could simulate different gravity levels. It was then dismantled and largely forgotten until the late 1970s when Higinbotham testified in court about the game during lawsuits between Magnavox and Ralph H. Baer over video game patents. Since then, it has been celebrated as one of the earliest video games, and Brookhaven has made recreations of the original device. Under some definitions Tennis for Two is considered the first video game, as while it did not include any technological innovations over prior games, it was the first computer game to be created purely as an entertainment product rather than for academic research or commercial technology promotion.

A replica of the game can be found on Scratch.  Instead of using a proper screen (raster display device) it would send an electrical signal to an oscilloscope – a wave display device. If you want to play you have to move the mouse around the knob to aim and click to hit the ball in he direction the knob is pointing – if it is on your side of the net (which is the right side).

tft1962 – Marienbad

Marienbad was a 1962 Polish puzzle mainframe game created by Elwro engineer Witold Podgórski in Wrocław, Poland for its Odra 1003. It was an adaption of the logic game nim. Inspired by the discussion in the magazine Przekrój of a variant of nim in the 1961 film Last Year at Marienbad (L’Année dernière à Marienbad), named “Marienbad” by the magazine, Podgórski programmed the game for the in-development 1003 mainframe, released in 1963. The game had players opposing the computer in alternating rounds of removing matches from a set, with the last player to take a match the loser. As the computer always played the optimal moves, it was essentially unbeatable.

Like many games in the early history of video games, Marienbad did not spread far beyond the initial location. Elwro did not produce or advertise the game, though Podgórski recreated it at the Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna (Military University of Technology in Warsaw). The game fell into obscurity, with no pictures or documentation surviving to recreate it in its original form; as there is only one known Odra 1003 remaining and no way of recreating the game exists, it is considered lost. Despite its simplicity, it is considered possibly the first Polish computer or video game.

You can play this game with a modern interface on Kongretate – Game Of Marienbad.


1962 – Spacewar!

Spacewar! is a space combat video game developed in 1962 by Steve Russell, in collaboration with Martin Graetz and Wayne Wiitanen, and programmed by Russell with assistance from others including Bob Saunders and Steve Piner. It was written for the newly installed DEC PDP-1 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After its initial creation, Spacewar was expanded further by other students and employees of universities in the area, including Dan Edwards and Peter Samson. It was also spread to many of the few dozen, primarily academic, installations of the PDP-1 computer, making Spacewar the first known video game to be played at multiple computer installations.

The game features two spaceships, “the needle” and “the wedge”, engaged in a dogfight while maneuvering in the gravity well of a star. Both ships are controlled by human players. Each ship has limited fuel for maneuvering and a limited number of torpedoes, and the ships follow Newtonian physics, remaining in motion even when the player is not accelerating. Flying near the star to provide a gravity assist was a common tactic. Ships are destroyed when hit by a torpedo or colliding with the star. At any time, the player can engage a hyperspace feature to move to a new, random location on the screen, though each use has an increasing chance of destroying the ship instead. The game was initially controlled with switches on the PDP-1, though Alan Kotok and Bob Saunders built an early gamepad to reduce the difficulty and awkwardness of controlling the game.

Spacewar is one of the most important and influential games in the early history of video games. It was extremely popular in the small programming community in the 1960s and was widely ported to other computer systems at the time. It has also been recreated in more modern programming languages for PDP-1 emulators. It directly inspired many other electronic games, such as the first commercial arcade video games, Galaxy Game and Computer Space (1971), and later games such as Asteroids (1979). In 2007, Spacewar was named to a list of the ten most important video games of all time, which formed the start of the game canon at the Library of Congress.

A simulation of this game can be found on Masswerk – Spacewar Game.