Monthly Archives: October 2018

1 Hour of Halloween Music and Dark Autumn Music

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Halloween [Poem]

The darkest shades of autumn’s breath

Embrace themselves in dance tonight.

A silent whisper from the wolves,

Explaining what is wrong and right.

I might begin to understand

The shallow silhouettes which are

Writing blood letters on parchments

And hanging them out on the wall.

In distance, ghouls and skeletons

With old and dusty robes and knives

Are drinking pumpkin ale, – Rejoice!

Because the night is up, – No light…

In costumes, people cross the street,

With tricks and treats and dirty feet.

With fears and hopes and evil laughter,

The night has brought them all together.

And in the corner of the eye,

Another shadow stays to watch

With bloody blades and no remorse…

Its wicked intentions start to hatch.

It’s Halloween, the dawn of life!

A colorful, mixed-up spectacle,

With grapes, with leaves, an orange sky…

Enjoy the song of pumpkin pie.

 

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List Of Video Games

Over the last couple of weeks – I’ve been working on setting up a list of all the video-games that I recall playing over the years. Been researching lists from various sites, my blogs and from what I’ve been remembering playing. These are games played on PC, some using an emulator for PS4, PSP or DOS and also games I’ve played on NES and SEGA consoles. Not all of them I managed to complete and some of them I played multiple times. There will also be a second list of Android games which I’ve played. There are 387 titles I managed to put into this list. There are probably a few more titles which I cannot remember, but I will update this list with each and every game I will play from now on.

Gamepad is lying on a keyboard

  1. OXO
  2. Tennis For Two
  3. Marienband
  4. Spacewars!
  5. Pong
  6. Space Invaders
  7. Arkanoid
  8. Mario Bros.
  9. Super Mario Bros.
  10. Pac-Man
  11. Tetris
  12. Tetris 2000
  13. Popeye
  14. Contra
  15. Double Dragon 2
  16. Rambo
  17. Pole Position
  18. Sokoban
  19. Bomberman
  20. Duck Hunt
  21. Hercules
  22. Tarzan 3D
  23. Hugo 3D
  24. Pinball
  25. Wild Gunman
  26. Final Fantasy
  27. Alladin
  28. Lion King
  29. Dangerous Dave
  30. Robocop
  31. Tom & Jerry
  32. Minesweeper
  33. Ricochet
  34. Swarm
  35. Dr. Mario
  36. Kabuki: Quantum Fighter
  37. The Secret of Monkey Island
  38. Grim Fandango
  39. The Longest Journey
  40. Dreamfall: The Longest Journey
  41. Syberia
  42. Snake 3D
  43. Snake Classic
  44. Dangerous Dave in the Haunted Mansion
  45. Prehistorik
  46. Prehistorik 2
  47. Sonic
  48. Wacky Races
  49. Caesar
  50. Mortal Kombat
  51. Mortal Kombat 4
  52. Mortal Kombat 9
  53. Street Fighter
  54. Wolfenstein 3D
  55. Alien vs Predator 2
  56. America
  57. Bejeweled
  58. Jewel Quest
  59. Zuma Deluxe
  60. Black & White
  61. Clive Barker’s Undying
  62. Cossacks: European Wars
  63. Cossacks: Napoleonic Wars
  64. Ford Racing
  65. Freedom Fighters
  66. Gothic 2
  67. The Italian Job
  68. Max Payne
  69. Oni
  70. Rune
  71. Silent Hill
  72. Silent Hill 2
  73. Stronghold Crusader
  74. 18 Wheels of Steel
  75. Blood Rayne
  76. Burnout Paradise
  77. Dragon Ball Z: Budokai
  78. Earth Special Forces
  79. Empire Earth
  80. Empire Earth 2
  81. Enclave
  82. GTA Vice City
  83. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
  84. Serious Sam
  85. Summoner
  86. Yu-Gi-Oh TCG
  87. Alter Ego
  88. Call of Duty
  89. Call of Duty 2
  90. Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare
  91. Delta Force: Land Warrior
  92. Delta Force: Black Hawk Down
  93. Guilty Gear XX: Midnight Carnival
  94. Guilty Gear: Isuka
  95. Lionhearth: Legacy of the Crusader
  96. Live for Speed
  97. Manhunt
  98. Neighbor from Hell
  99. Neighbor from Hell 2
  100. Moorhuhn
  101. Praetorians
  102. Resident Evil 4
  103. Prince of Persia: Sands of Time
  104. Tron 2.0
  105. Doom 3
  106. Half Life
  107. Half Life: Blue Shift
  108. Half Life: Opposing Force
  109. Half Life 2
  110. Half Life 2: Episode One
  111. Half Life 2: Episode Two
  112. I of the Dragon
  113. Mowgli
  114. Pacific Warriors
  115. The Suffering
  116. Cold Fear
  117. Dead Space
  118. F.E.A.R.
  119. F.E.A.R. – Extraction Point
  120. F.E.A.R. – Perseus Mandate
  121. F.E.A.R. 2
  122. F.E.A.R. 3
  123. Killing Floor
  124. La-Mulana
  125. Luxor
  126. Far Cry
  127. Feeding Frenzy
  128. Heroes of Might and Magic IV
  129. Heroes of Might and Magic V
  130. You Are Empty
  131. Call Of Cthulhu
  132. Prey
  133. Prey (2017)
  134. Angry Birds
  135. Cryostasis
  136. Left 4 Dead
  137. Left 4 Dead 2
  138. Machinarium
  139. Plants vs Zombies
  140. Queen’s Blade: Spiral Chaos
  141. Saw
  142. Torchlight
  143. Trine
  144. Ori and the Blind Forest
  145. X-Men Origins: Wolverine
  146. Day of the Dead
  147. Amnesia: The Dark Descent
  148. Amnesia: A Machine For Pigs
  149. Bioshock
  150. Bioshock 2
  151. Bioshock Infinite
  152. Blur
  153. Metro 2033
  154. Prison Break
  155. The Cat Lady
  156. Goat Simulator
  157. Telltale Games’ Game Of Thrones
  158. The Great Escape
  159. Qube
  160. Blade and Soul
  161. Borderlands
  162. The Darkness 2
  163. Dear Esther
  164. Dishonored
  165. Doom
  166. Doom 3
  167. Doom 3: BFG Edition
  168. Lucius
  169. Grand Prix 2
  170. House Of The Dead
  171. Elder Scrolls: Arena
  172. Ghost in the Sheets
  173. Barrow Hill
  174. Hoyle’s Board Games
  175. Jazzjack Rabbit
  176. Jazzjack Rabbit 2
  177. NASCAR Racing
  178. Need For Speed 2
  179. Need For Speed Porsche
  180. Need For Speed Underground 2
  181. System Shock 2
  182. Virtua Cop 2
  183. Warcraft: Orcs And Humans
  184. Warcraft 2
  185. Warcraft 3: Reign of Chaos
  186. Warcraft 3: The Frozen Throne
  187. Hearthstone
  188. Speedy Blupi
  189. Judge Dredd: Dredd vs Death
  190. Tekken
  191. Final Armada
  192. Abuse
  193. Bugs Bunny and Taz
  194. Captain Klaw
  195. Corpse Party
  196. Dracula Resurrection
  197. Dracula 3
  198. Darkstone
  199. Diablo
  200. Diablo 2
  201. Starcraft
  202. Duke Nukem 3D
  203. Pandemonium!
  204. Pokemon Red
  205. Pokemon Blue
  206. Pokemon Green
  207. Pokemon Yellow
  208. Pokemon FireRed
  209. Quake
  210. Quake 2
  211. Quake 3: Arena
  212. Quake 4
  213. Re-Volt
  214. Super Mario World
  215. Age of Empires
  216. Age of Empires 2
  217. Santa Claus in Trouble
  218. Blood 2
  219. Carmaggedon 2: Carpocalypse Now
  220. Postal 2
  221. Tomb Raider 2
  222. Turok: Dinosaur Hunter
  223. Baldur’s Gate
  224. Carnivores
  225. Carnivores 2
  226. Carnivores: Ice Age
  227. Delta Force
  228. BlazBlue: Continuum Shift
  229. Portal
  230. Portal 2
  231. Unreal Gold
  232. Unreal Tournament GOTY
  233. Unreal Tournament 2004
  234. Unreal Tournament 3
  235. King of Fighters ’95
  236. South Park
  237. Delta Ops
  238. The Settlers II
  239. MUGEN
  240. Pharaoh
  241. The Typing of the Dead
  242. Blair Witch
  243. Carmageddon TDR 2000
  244. Counter Strike
  245. Dark Reign 2
  246. Deus Ex
  247. Icewind Dale
  248. Messiah
  249. Nox
  250. Project IGI
  251. Alpha Prime
  252. Hellgate: London
  253. Timeshift
  254. Titan Quest
  255. Call of Duty: World At War
  256. Condemned
  257. Dear Esther
  258. Mirror’s Edge
  259. Mirror’s Edge 2: Catalyst
  260. Spore
  261. World Of Goo
  262. Synopsis Quest
  263. Flash Portal
  264. Shift
  265. Platformation
  266. Bitefight
  267. The Bridge
  268. Outlast
  269. Outlast: Whistleblower
  270. Outlast 2
  271. The SIMS
  272. Alien: Isolation
  273. Dread Out
  274. The Evil Within
  275. Astonia
  276. Penumbra Overture
  277. Penumbra: Black Plague
  278. Penumbra: Requiem
  279. Penumbra: Necrologue
  280. Penumbra 2
  281. SOMA
  282. Deathtrap
  283. Zanzarah: The Hidden Portal
  284. Knuckle Soccer
  285. Fifa 95
  286. Darkest Dungeon
  287. Layers of Fear
  288. Layers of Fear: Inheritance
  289. Observer
  290. Tank 2000
  291. Slither.io
  292. Street Fighter IV
  293. VA-11 Hall-A
  294. Home Sweet Home
  295. Perception
  296. Agony
  297. Serena
  298. Penumbra Tech Demo
  299. Black Rose
  300. Which
  301. Sacred
  302. Black Mesa
  303. Imperion
  304. Eternal Fighter Zero
  305. SAS: Zombie Assault
  306. Eyes: The Horror Game
  307. The Council: Episode 1
  308. Rise of Insanity
  309. Wrack Exoverse
  310. Kritika
  311. Devotion
  312. Monster Hunter Freedom
  313. Fragment: Contours of a Dream
  314. Escape Labyrinth
  315. Bitsturbed
  316. Sakura Beach 2
  317. Kraven Manor
  318. Dungeon Adventures: Greenskin Invasion
  319. Crusaders of Light
  320. The Stairs
  321. Hack
  322. Kuchisake Onna
  323. Guilty Gear Xrd – Revelator
  324. Hour In Hell
  325. Enigmatis: The Ghosts of Maple Creek
  326. Mutated Bread
  327. Sinistry Silinium
  328. Inner Chains
  329. The Long Journey Home
  330. Tunnels of Despair
  331. Visage
  332. Adventure Inlay
  333. Puzzle Inlay
  334. Turtle Bay
  335. To The Moon
  336. September 1999
  337. Metin 2
  338. Paranoid Kid and the Shadow
  339. Campus Notes
  340. Pagan-Technopolis
  341. Sagebrush
  342. Homesick
  343. Stray Souls: Dollhouse Story
  344. Woven Shadows
  345. Nicole’s Fears
  346. Cassie-Ann
  347. Project Nightmares
  348. Overhead
  349. Abomination
  350. Hero of the Kingdom
  351. The Messenger
  352. Rot
  353. Greetings
  354. Divinity: Original Sin
  355. Evergarden
  356. Horror of the Deep
  357. Rover
  358. Nekopara: Extra
  359. The Silent House
  360. Earthfall
  361. Dead or School
  362. SCP-087-B Amnesia
  363. SCP-087
  364. SCP- Into The Darkness
  365. SCP
  366. Tanggal
  367. The Asylum
  368. Eldervale
  369. Human
  370. Try To Fall Asleep
  371. Do You Copy
  372. Repeat
  373. Buried Beneath
  374. Secret World Legends
  375. Crystal Saga
  376. League of Angels
  377. C9: Continent of the Ninth Seal
  378. Adventure Quest Worlds
  379. Evie
  380. Forsake World
  381. Ys Chronicles: Ancient Ys Vanished
  382. Pathfinder Adventures TCG
  383. Dungeon Nightmares
  384. Dino Storm
  385. Infliction
  386. Avatar: The Game
  387. Fortnite

Gaming: Relational Theory And Practice [Part 01]

In these series of articles I will discuss video-games from the first early prototypes and ideas to the modern products. I’ve wanted from some time now to review my list of played games – but since I’ve played too many – it is quite impossible to remember them all – so I will try to research video-games by their releasing year – play some of them in that order and writing articles and short reviews.

The term video game has evolved over the decades from a purely technical definition to a general concept defining a new class of interactive entertainment. Technically, for a product to be a video game, there must be a video signal transmitted to a cathode ray tube (CRT) that creates a rasterized image on a screen. This definition would preclude early computer games that outputted results to a printer or teletype rather than a display, any game rendered on a vector-scan monitor, any game played on a modern high definition display, and most handheld game systems. From a technical standpoint, these would more properly be called “electronic games” or “computer games”.

Today, however, the term “video game” has completely shed its purely technical definition and encompasses a wider range of technology. While still rather ill-defined, the term “video game” now generally encompasses any game played on hardware built with electronic logic circuits that incorporates an element of interactivity and outputs the results of the player’s actions to a display. Going by this broader definition, the first video games appeared in the early 1950s and were tied largely to research projects at universities and large corporations.

1947 – Cathode-ray Tube Amusement Device

The cathode-ray tube amusement device is the earliest known interactive electronic game. The device simulates an artillery shell arcing towards targets on a cathode ray tube (CRT) screen, which is controlled by the player by adjusting knobs to change the trajectory of a CRT beam spot on the display in order to reach plastic targets overlaid on the screen. Thomas T. Goldsmith, Jr. and Estle Ray Mann constructed the game from analog electronics and filed for a patent in 1947, which was issued the following year. The gaming device was never manufactured or marketed to the public, so it had no effect on the future video game industry. Under most definitions, the device is not considered a video game, as while it had an electronic display it did not run on a computing device. Therefore, despite its relevance to the early history of video games, it is not generally considered a candidate for the title of the first video game.

1950 – Bertie The Brain

Bertie the Brain was an early computer game, and one of the first games developed in the early history of video games. It was built in Toronto by Josef Kates for the 1950 Canadian National Exhibition. The four meter tall computer allowed exhibition attendees to play a game of tic-tac-toe against an artificial intelligence. The player entered a move on a lit keypad in the form of a three-by-three grid, and the game played out on a grid of lights overhead. The machine had an adjustable difficulty level. After two weeks on display by Rogers Majestic, the machine was disassembled at the end of the exhibition and largely forgotten as a curiosity.

Kates built the game to showcase his additron tube, a miniature version of the vacuum tube, though the transistor overtook it in computer development shortly thereafter. Patent issues prevented the additron tube from being used in computers besides Bertie before it was no longer useful. Bertie the Brain is a candidate for the first video game, as it was potentially the first computer game to have any sort of visual display of the game. It appeared only three years after the 1947 invention of the cathode-ray tube amusement device, the earliest known interactive electronic game to use an electronic display. Bertie’s use of light bulbs rather than a screen with real-time visual graphics, however, much less moving graphics, does not meet some definitions of a video game.

1952 – OXO

OXO or Noughts and Crosses is a video game developed by A S Douglas in 1952 which simulates a game of noughts and crosses. It was one of the first games developed in the early history of video games. Douglas programmed the game as part of a thesis on human-computer interaction at the University of Cambridge.

It was written on the Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator (EDSAC). EDSAC was one of the first stored-program computers, with memory that could be read from or written to, and had three small cathode ray tube screens to display the state of the memory; Douglas re-purposed one screen to demonstrate portraying other information to the user, such as the state of a noughts and crosses game. After the game served its purpose, it was discarded on the original hardware but later successfully reconstructed.

OXO, along with a draughts game by Christopher Strachey completed around the same time, is one of the earliest known games to display visuals on an electronic screen. Under some definitions, it thus may qualify as the first video game, though other definitions exclude it due to its lack of moving or real-time updating graphics.

You can play a modern version of this game right directly into your browser – if you use Mozilla.

oxo

1958 – Tennis For Two

Tennis for Two (also known as Computer Tennis) is a sports video game, which simulates a game of tennis, and was one of the first games developed in the early history of video games. American physicist William Higinbotham designed the game in 1958 for display at the Brookhaven National Laboratory’s annual public exhibition after learning that the government research institution’s Donner Model 30 analog computer could simulate trajectories with wind resistance. He designed the game, displayed on an oscilloscope and played with two custom aluminum controllers, in a few hours, after which he and technician Robert V. Dvorak built it over three weeks. The game’s visuals show a representation of a tennis court viewed from the side, and players adjust the angle of their shots with a knob on their controller and try to hit the ball over the net by pressing a button.

The game was very popular during the three-day exhibition, with players lining up to see the game, especially high school students. It was shown again the following year with a larger oscilloscope screen and a more complicated design that could simulate different gravity levels. It was then dismantled and largely forgotten until the late 1970s when Higinbotham testified in court about the game during lawsuits between Magnavox and Ralph H. Baer over video game patents. Since then, it has been celebrated as one of the earliest video games, and Brookhaven has made recreations of the original device. Under some definitions Tennis for Two is considered the first video game, as while it did not include any technological innovations over prior games, it was the first computer game to be created purely as an entertainment product rather than for academic research or commercial technology promotion.

A replica of the game can be found on Scratch.  Instead of using a proper screen (raster display device) it would send an electrical signal to an oscilloscope – a wave display device. If you want to play you have to move the mouse around the knob to aim and click to hit the ball in he direction the knob is pointing – if it is on your side of the net (which is the right side).

tft1962 – Marienbad

Marienbad was a 1962 Polish puzzle mainframe game created by Elwro engineer Witold Podgórski in Wrocław, Poland for its Odra 1003. It was an adaption of the logic game nim. Inspired by the discussion in the magazine Przekrój of a variant of nim in the 1961 film Last Year at Marienbad (L’Année dernière à Marienbad), named “Marienbad” by the magazine, Podgórski programmed the game for the in-development 1003 mainframe, released in 1963. The game had players opposing the computer in alternating rounds of removing matches from a set, with the last player to take a match the loser. As the computer always played the optimal moves, it was essentially unbeatable.

Like many games in the early history of video games, Marienbad did not spread far beyond the initial location. Elwro did not produce or advertise the game, though Podgórski recreated it at the Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna (Military University of Technology in Warsaw). The game fell into obscurity, with no pictures or documentation surviving to recreate it in its original form; as there is only one known Odra 1003 remaining and no way of recreating the game exists, it is considered lost. Despite its simplicity, it is considered possibly the first Polish computer or video game.

You can play this game with a modern interface on Kongretate – Game Of Marienbad.

marienbad

1962 – Spacewar!

Spacewar! is a space combat video game developed in 1962 by Steve Russell, in collaboration with Martin Graetz and Wayne Wiitanen, and programmed by Russell with assistance from others including Bob Saunders and Steve Piner. It was written for the newly installed DEC PDP-1 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After its initial creation, Spacewar was expanded further by other students and employees of universities in the area, including Dan Edwards and Peter Samson. It was also spread to many of the few dozen, primarily academic, installations of the PDP-1 computer, making Spacewar the first known video game to be played at multiple computer installations.

The game features two spaceships, “the needle” and “the wedge”, engaged in a dogfight while maneuvering in the gravity well of a star. Both ships are controlled by human players. Each ship has limited fuel for maneuvering and a limited number of torpedoes, and the ships follow Newtonian physics, remaining in motion even when the player is not accelerating. Flying near the star to provide a gravity assist was a common tactic. Ships are destroyed when hit by a torpedo or colliding with the star. At any time, the player can engage a hyperspace feature to move to a new, random location on the screen, though each use has an increasing chance of destroying the ship instead. The game was initially controlled with switches on the PDP-1, though Alan Kotok and Bob Saunders built an early gamepad to reduce the difficulty and awkwardness of controlling the game.

Spacewar is one of the most important and influential games in the early history of video games. It was extremely popular in the small programming community in the 1960s and was widely ported to other computer systems at the time. It has also been recreated in more modern programming languages for PDP-1 emulators. It directly inspired many other electronic games, such as the first commercial arcade video games, Galaxy Game and Computer Space (1971), and later games such as Asteroids (1979). In 2007, Spacewar was named to a list of the ten most important video games of all time, which formed the start of the game canon at the Library of Congress.

spacewars
A simulation of this game can be found on Masswerk – Spacewar Game.